14. Ethnobotanical Studies of Khushab District, Punjab, Pakistan
The study is based on gathering of information by interviewing villagers, herbalists, hakims and farmers, following a preset list of questions followed by analysis of the data collected. A total number of 750 interviews were conducted from the native people (including men and women). Out of these 750 interviewees, 400 were males and 350 were females. Plant samples were gathered and their morphological characteristics were described. Medicinal and economical properties of collected (native) plants were recorded and explained. The present work is a significant contribution to the existing knowledge related to different plants because ethno botany as an interdisciplinary science understanding of local social dynamics, institutions and different values attributed to resources. These values may be symbolic, religious or political for a given society, while same plant resources may represent only an economic value for our social group. Fuel wood needs are also met by collecting dried fodder branches, by products of crops and dried animal dung. It is recommended that botanical genders of medicinal plants should be established. No side effects have reported by herbal medicines. Moreover, collected data was analyzed at P (0.05 -5%).
Keywords: Interviewing Villagers, Medicinal Uses, Ethno botany, Plant Samples, Conservational Reserves, Botanical Garden, Products of Crops and Animal Dung.
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